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Ultrafast Fiber Optics for Cloud Computing

Graphene, a new two-dimensional form of carbon, promises to transform technology. Its remarkable properties strong, light, transparent, and excellent electric conductivity make it ideal for applications in electronics, energy storage, aerospace, automotive, communications, sensors and medicine.

After successfully exploring methods to produce low cost graphene, Carbon Sciences is now focused on the research and development of graphene-based devices to enable ultrafast fiber optics communication in Cloud computing infrastructure.

Cloud computing allows application software and services to be delivered from large server farms in data centers over the Internet. Almost every web service we use today such as Netflix, Google and Amazon are all delivered from the Cloud. As more and more people use Cloud services, more and more data are created that need to be stored, transmitted and processed. This explosion of data requires larger and larger data centers as big 1 square mile. The size of current and future data centers is challenging the fundamental speed limits of today's cutting edge fiber optics technology.



(Source: intel)

According to a 2014 report by ACG Research, the growth of Cloud-based services in consumer and business applications during the past five years has been spectacular. By 2019, mobile network traffic is forecasted to increase tenfold. 50% of this increase will be in video services, and an additional 10% will be in social networking applications. Over the same time, business Cloud computing services are expected to increase at a 40% average annual rate. By 2019 there will be 60 percent more data centers in the world's major cities than there are today, and data center interconnect volumes will increase by more than 400 percent.

Moore's Law has enabled computers servers in the Cloud to process information at extreme high speeds. However, the speed of data movement between servers is bottlenecked by fundamental limitations of today's fiber optics technology. By exploiting the natural breakthrough optical and electrical properties of graphene, we are researching and developing next generation fiber optics components that are ultrafast, low power and low cost.

We believe graphene-based fiber optic components, such as optical modulators (for transmitting) and photodetectors (for receiving), have the potential to unclog the bottlenecks in the Cloud and unleash a global era of high resolution video on demand, high fidelity music streaming, high volume e-commerce and many more Cloud-based services.